Anesthesia: General or regional anesthesia most likely with or without narcotics.
Extent of Trauma: Dissection procedures extensive local tissue damage at each incision site with prominent scarring. Internal fixation is frequently required and may necessitate future removal of hardware or casts.
Incision Size: Wound openings are larger and require closures.
Instrumentation: Hammers, chisels, rongeurs and saws are generally utilized in conjunction with wires, pins, screws and implants for bone operations.
Locale: Hospitalization usually required.
Postoperative Care: Narcotics often prescribed. Dry dressing usually indicated. Immobilization, i.e. casts or rigid footgear often utilized.
Preoperative Laboratory Tests: A full gamut of laboratory tests are taken routinely. Foot x-rays are taken as well as additional x-rays which may be hospital policy.
Preoperative Preparation: Customary operating room sterile technique and attire are mandatory since the operative area is exposed to the surrounding environment.
Preoperative Sedation: Patient is most always sedated.
Scheduling: Surgery may be planned and scheduled well in advance.
Sutures: Sutures often required.
Infections: Higher Risk